Physiology

Iron Absorption

The gastric acid production plays a key role in plasma iron homeostasis. 
To be absorbed, iron must be in the ferrous (Fe2+) state or bound by a protein such as heme. 

Hepatitis

Hepatitis C

The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus: the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products, and sexual practices that lead to exposure to blood. Readmore…

Hepatitis hepatitis B

Hepatitis B

Cover image: This transmission electron microscopic (TEM) image revealed the presence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) particles (orange). The round virions, which measure 42nm in diameter, are known as Dane particles. Introduction HBV is a DNA virus, belonging to the HEPADNAVIRIDAE family. It causes hepatitis, which can Acute Hepatitis or Chronic Hepatitis. It can lead […]